Concussion: Tests and diagonosis

Staff, Mayo Clinic. “Definition.” Mayo Clinic. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 22 Feb. 2011. Web. 28 Feb. 2013.

You may or may not know what to do if you get a concussion. This could be your first of second, but whether it be your first or second you shouldn’t take it lightly. If a blow to your head, neck or upper body has caused symptoms such as a headache, dizziness, nausea or loss of consciousness, chances are you’ve had a concussion. Although these signs and symptoms of these injuries may not appear until hours or days after the injury. Brain imaging may be required to determine whether the injury is severe and has caused bleeding or swelling in your skull.

The Mayo Clinic says they may perform neurological exams like:

  • Memory and concentration
  • Vision
  • Hearing
  • Strength and sensation
  • Balance
  • Coordination
  • Reflexes

According to Mayo Clinic “A cranial computerized tomography (CT) scan is the standard test to assess the brain right after injury. A CT scanner takes multiple cross-sectional X-rays and combines all the resulting images to produce detailed, two-dimensional images of your skull and brain. During the procedure, you lie still on a table that slides through a large, doughnut-shaped X-ray machine. The scan is painless and generally takes less than 10 minutes.” Although this test may not always be required or performed.

If it comes down to it the hospital may keep you overnight for observation. It may be okay for you to be observed at home if OK’d by your doctor, someone should check on you every few hours for at least 24 hours. You may also need to be awakened periodically to make sure you can be roused to normal consciousness.